Frequently Asked Questions
This page provides answers to frequently asked questions on diverse topics. It includes links to general questions from the state's rock and mineral, mineral production, permits, professional licensing and other information. While some of the questions are answered directly on this page, many links point to other locations on our Internet site, or elsewhere for additional information.
The North Carolina State Government Internship Programs provides a unique combination of learning, working, theory and practice. The programs enable college students to assert initiative and creativity through hands-on involvement and problem solving.
Please refer to these sites for more information on timing, availability and more:
The North Carolina Geological Survey staff will provide rock and mineral identification for samples sent to its offices without charge. Samples should be securely packaged with a brief cover note, including the location from which the rock or mineral sample was collected, requesting this service. The NCGS does not provide assays or chemical analyses. You should provide your complete name, address, e-mail address, and telephone number to facilitate a response. Please contact Dr. Kenneth B. Taylor for more information.
The General Assembly of 1979 designated granite as the official State rock. North Carolina is blessed with an abundance of granite. When granite is crushed, it is used as an aggregate for road and building construction. If granite has the right physical properties, it can be cut into blocks and used for monuments, curb stone and stone for building facings. One of the largest open face granite quarries in the world is located in Mount Airy, North Carolina.
The General Assembly of 1973 designated the emerald as the official State precious stone. Emerald is found in North Carolina near Hiddenite in Alexander County and southwest of Spruce Pine in Mitchell County.
Unfortunately, there is no designated State fossil.
In order to comply with the Mining Act of 1971, interested parties should contact the NC Division of Land Resources, Mining Program The address is: Division of Land Resources, 1612 Mail Service Center, Raleigh, NC 27699-1612. The telephone number is 919.733.4574.
The Mining Act covers all persons or firms involved in any activity or process that:
There are specific exemptions from the Act. Further information is available from the Division of Land Resources' NC Division of Land Resources, Mining Program.
Digital Raster Graphics (DRG's) of 7.5-minute topographic maps, aerial photography tiles, and spatial (GIS) files, for North Carolina can be downloaded from NCOneMap Several vintages of photography are available for statewide coverage, and higher-resolution County data is also available through this site. Choose the "FTP Data Download" link on the lower left to access their data catalog. GIS files for the 1985 Geologic Map of North Carolina are available on this site.
The North Carolina Geological Survey has an extensive collection of aerial photographs in the NCGS' Archdale office at 512 N. Salisbury Street, Raleigh, NC 27604-1148. The collection is black and white aerial stereo pair photographs taken in the 1950's and early 1960's of many of North Carolina's counties. These are 9-inch prints, with a nominal scale of 1:20,000.
Selected Gem Mines, Mineral Museums, and Mineral Clubs in North Carolina
GEM and GOLD MINES IN NORTH CAROLINA
(June 2001) Compiled by Sigrid Ballew
The following partial listings of North Carolina Gem and Gold mines, Mineral Museums, and Mineral Clubs does not constitute an endorsement by the North Carolina Geological Survey of any of these facilities. This list is intended as a guide only, and is included as a potential starting point for individuals interested in North Carolina minerals. This compilation does not, nor is it intended to, list all gem and gold mines, mineral museums, and mineral clubs in North Carolina. This listing is not maintained on a regular basis and therefore may contain errors. Please contact the appropriate facility or group for up-to-date information.
Interested individuals are encouraged to perform their own Internet searches for North Carolina gem and gold mines, mineral museums, and mineral clubs, as these more current searches may reveal additional information.
Partial Listing of North Carolina Gem and Gold Mines
|Emerald Hollow Mine, Hiddenite, NC||Gems||Alexander|
|Reed Gold Mine, Midland, NC||Gold||Cabarrus|
|Old Pressley Sapphire Mine, Canton, NC||Gems||Haywood|
|Cherokee Ruby Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Cowee Mountain Ruby Mine, Franklin, NC||Gems||Macon|
|Gold City Mine, Franklin||Gold and Gems||Macon|
|Jackson Hole Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon and Jackson|
|Mason Mountain Rhodolite and Ruby Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Mason’s Ruby and Sapphire Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Moonstone Gem Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Rocky Face Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Rose Creek Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Sheffield Ruby Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|The Old Cardinal Mine, Franklin||Gems||Macon|
|Blue Ridge Gemstone Mine, Little Switzerland||Gems||Mitchell|
|Emerald Village, Little Switzerland||Gems||Mitchell|
|Gem Mountain, Spruce Pine||Gems||Mitchell|
|Rio Doce Mine, Spruce Pine||Gems||Mitchell|
|Spruce Pine Gem and Gold Mine, Spruce Pine||Gems||Mitchell|
|Cotton Patch Gold Mine, New London||Gold||Stanly|
|Greater Foscoe Gem Mining Company, Foscoe||Gems||Watauga|
|Magic Mountain Mini Golf and Gem Mine, Boone||Gems||Watauga|
NCGS . 1612 Mail Service Center . Raleigh, NC 27699-1612 . 919.733.2423